|| READY FOR SOME FUN?
My simple diagram shows how logs were moved from the deep
woods to the water, where they could be floated downriver to sawmills.
Start at the top of the page. It may be up a hillside,
or far in the woods.
Each chopped tree had it limbs cut off. Then a horse pulled
it out on a narrow trail, called a TWITCHING TRAIL. Each horse pulled one
long log at a time. Trails on steep hillsides had many curves, so the log
wouldn’t fall forward and hurt the horse. When the horse reached the YARD,
workers unhitched the log, added it to the pile, and sent the horse back
up the hill for another log.
In mid-winter, heavy double-runner sleds were pulled by
teams of horses along an icy HAULING ROAD. The teamsters (men who drove
the teams) stopped at each YARD (there might be dozens of yards in one
logging operation), filled the sleds, and headed for the LANDING, at the
edge of a river or stream, where they unloaded their sleds. This process
sometimes took weeks, and was dangerous.
Wherever they had to go down a steep hill, they spread
HAY on the ice to slow down the sled. Hopefully they made it without an
accident! By the time the season’s logging was over, the pile of logs at
the LANDING was enormous. When the ice thawed, men rolled the logs into
the river and sent them floating down to sawmills.
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